Between 1969 and 1974, and again between 1989 and 2002, Nissan produced a high performance version of its Skyline range, called the Nissan Skyline GT-R. This car proved to be iconic for Nissan and achieved much fame and success on road and track. The Nissan GT-R, although no longer carrying the "Skyline" badge, has heritage in the Nissan Skyline GT-R. Like the Skyline GT-Rs R32 through R34, the Nissan GT-R is All-Wheel Drive with a twin-turbo 6 cylinder engine; however, the evolutionary, incremental changes between Skyline models R32 through R34 have been done away with. The four-wheel-steering HICAS system has been removed, and the traditional straight-6 RB26DETT engine has been replaced with a new V6 VR38DETT. Because of the GT-R's heritage, the chassis code for the all-new version has been called CBA-R35, or 'R35' for short, carrying on the naming trend from previous Skyline GT-R generations. The GT-R has also retained its Skyline predecessor's nickname Godzilla.
The production version of the GT-R has debuted at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show, its launch in the Japanese market was 6 December 2007. The U.S. Official launch was July 07, 2008. Universal Nissan in Los Angeles provided a customer with delivery at 12:01 am, on July 07, 2008. Canadian launch will follow in July 2008, respectively. Europe will be the third market, where it is expected to be launched late in the same year. The large time distance between these releases is due to Nissan having to build GT-R performance centers where the car is serviced. Also the engine and rear-mounted dual-clutch gearbox are built by hand, limiting production to around 1000 cars a month.
The Nissan GT-R is powered by the VR38DETT engine, a 3.8 L (230 cu in) DOHC V6. Two parallel (IHI) turbochargers provide forced induction. Production vehicles produce 480 bhp (360 kW) at 6,400 rpm and 434 ft-lbf (588 NÃƒâ€šÃ‚Â·m) at 3,200-5,200 rpm. According to independent dynanometer tests, the GT-R produces 416 hp (310 kW) to 475 hp (354 kW) and 414 to 457 lb-ft (620 NÃƒâ€šÃ‚Â·m) of torque at the wheels. The engine also meets California ULEV (Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle) standards. A curb weight of 1,730 kg (3,800 lb) or 1,736 kg (3,830 lb) with side curtain airbags is achieved using a jig welded steel chassis with aluminum used for the hood , trunk and doors. A rear mounted 6 speed dual clutch semi-automatic transmission is used in conjunction with the ATTESA E-TS system to provide power to all four wheels and along with Nissan's Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC-R) aids in handling and stability. Three shift modes can also be selected for various conditions.
Nissan claims the GT-R can reach a top speed of 195 mph (314 km/h), and it has been tested to achieve 0-60 mph (97 km/h) times as low as 3.2 seconds. With a manufacturer claimed lap time of 7:29 sec on standard Japanese market tires, the GT-R is currently one of the fastest production cars to lap the Nurburgring circuit, although Porsche accused Nissan of falsifying those claims in September 2008. Porsche claims to have conducted their own test of the GT-R using no modifications and stock tires and achieved a best time of 7:54. Nissan was quick to dismiss Porsche's claim. Another independent test recorded a time of 7:50, although one key corner of the track was damp.